How Dar’s experience is transferring over to Mozambique

In Tanzania, community mapping started in 2011 with a project called “Ramani Tandale”. This project invited community members of Tandale ward in Dar es Salaam to participate in data collection using very simple mapping tools – for example GPS, Modem, Notebooks, Pens, and Cameras. Over one month, assisted by students, these community mappers had covered an area of about 1.17 km2 with the total population of 54,781 (2012 Census). Data collected included features like drainage systems, buildings, churches, schools, roads, flood prone areas, etc. The same methodology was then used for the much more extensive Ramani Huria project, with a specific aim to improve the city’s flood resilience. Using the same simple tools, flooded areas, blocked drainage, inaccessible roads, areas affected by Malaria, and affected houses were identified using the knowledge of community and university students.

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Ramani Huria, during data collection

Informal settlement in Mozambique is increasing every year which leads to a shortage of infrastructure – eg. roads and drainage systems – and an eruption of disease. Furthermore, heavy construction in these settlements obstructs water movement, leading to increased flooding, particularly during rainy seasons. Inspired by the success of the Ramani Huria project methodology, community mapping is going to be employed by MapMoz in Mozambique. MapMoz is the project under the World Bank in Mozambique that plans to train community members to use simple tools to collect information related to flooding. Community mapping in Mozambique, as it has been applied in Dar es Salaam, is going to be piloted in two municipalities, Maputo and Matola, to collect valuable information using community knowledge. The information to be collected will cover frequently flooded areas, drainage systems, buildings, hospitals, schools, etc. This unique form of data collection will help the community to participate in identifying more dangerous areas and will also increase their disaster resilience by showing the areas at greatest risk of flooding. The rich data will be valuable to all stakeholders, helping government and other organizations to analyze and discuss solutions to important infrastructural issues.  

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Mozambique and Dar team after the meeting with Bairro leader

MapMoz shows how the Dar es Salaam community mapping methodology is spreading across the continent, recognizing that community members can collect valuable information that will help with planning and decision making. 

Community Mapping Mozambique

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Maputo (Bing Map 2016)

In 2011 i had a chance to participate on community mapping in one of my community Tandale.

This has been ever an experience i had in my life where i got to participate on something could help my community immediately after i have graduated my Degree from Ardhi University. Due to its potential and importance especially to the community, in 2015 ramani Tandale was scaled up for more than 36 wards aiming to create more resilience to the community through Ramani Huria

All this experiences made me learn everyday how necessary it is when it comes to help communities problems. Now i got another change to be a project adviser where i am required to share the experience i took in Ramani Tandale and Ramani Huria from Dar es salaam in Mozambique. This is such another experience to help mozambiaque community through mapping.

The reviewing of reports and meeting with Mozambique University, the municipalities planers and Bairro leaders, Mozambique is another place where just Maputo and Matola are surrounded by more than 80% which is informal settlements. As it is for many informal settlement in the world, these settlements has many issues for example accessibility problem, Flooding problem, eruption of diseases, lack of drainage system, etc. Howerver, throught the speaking with the municipality planer, there is no maps which helps them to plan their bairros.

FOSS4G 2018: Dar es salaam

Baada ya kufanyika nchi tofauti duniani, FOSS4G2018 inakuja Tanzania. Hii ni kusema kwamba Africa kwa ujumla tunaungana pamoja kuonyesha na kujadiri kazi za utengenezaji na utumiaji wa reamani katika miji yetu kwa ajiri ya maendeleo endelevu. FOSS4G yenye kirefu chake “Free and Open Source Software for Geographic” ni mfululizo wa makongamano ambayo huandaliwa na OSGEO tangu mwaka 2002 ambayo hufanyika kila mwaka na kukutanisha wana geographia kutoka duniani kote watumiaji wa program zisizo za kulipia (OSGEO) kwa ajiri ya kutambua fursa na changamoto zilizopo katika mipango na uendelezaji wa mji unaoshirikisha Jamii.

Mfururizo huu wa makongamano ulianza rasmi kufanyika tangu mwaka 2002 na kushika kasi mwaka 2006 kama mwanzo wa makongamano kwenye nchi mbalimbali katika mabara ya Ulaya, Amerika, na Asia.

Mwaka 2018 kongamano hili ambalo litaleta zaidi ya watu 800 kutoka nchi mbalimbali duniani litafanyika Dar es salaam, Tanzania. Nikiwa kama Mwenyekiti wa kongamano nikishirikiana na mwenyekiti mwenzangu Mark Iliffe, baada ya kuandaa timu ambayo tulikaa na kuandika kuomba kongamano lifanyike Dar es salaam. Nia na mathumuni ni kukuza utumiaji wa ramani na kuunganisha watumiaji wa ramani ili pamoja kutatua matatizo yanayoikumba jamii. Baada ya mchakato wa uchaguzi, OSGeo ilichagua kongamano hilo lifanyike Dar es salaam kwa iyo tumewashinda wapinzani wetu ambao ni Thailand na Peru.

Kufanyika kwa kongamano la FOSS4G 2018 Dar es salaam litasababisha sio tu utalii wa Tanzania bali kujadili, kuonyesha na kusaidia maendeleo ya Tanzania na Africa kwa ujumla.

Mimi nina furaha kwa kongamano hili kufanyika Dar es salaam, kwa iyo tukutane mwakani (2018) kwa kongamano.

Different between drones imagery against other imagery

Two days ago I had an opportunity to have an interview with Deogratius Minja, one of the community mapping analyst at the World Bank Tanzania and currently a person who organize drone mapping project in Zanzibar; he accepted to have big difference between these two imageries. According to him, drone mapping has high resolution up to 2.8 centimeter which is very useful for planning and critical analysis while other imagery has the low resolution of about 50 centimeters.

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Fredy (Drone expert) getting ready to take imagery using drones in Zanzibar.

This means that, drone imagery have less error when used into actual use. However, when I asked him on the way drones are able to overcome wind and clouds, he said drones are one among the few technologies that are free from clouds when capturing imagery compared to google where the clouds are everywhere in the imagery. This hinder some critical imagery analysis especially from google imagery for example land use capture.

 

Behavior of transport made transport implementation more costful – Dar es Salaam

Just one week since i came back from Chile. A lot has been changed in Dar es salaam city. But that is not my point that i want to mention out now. My city with more that 2 million people. Apart from planning problem that leads to increased informal settlements, Dar es salaam is the city (atleast is the city that i am familiar) that implementation of transport is more costful due to behavior of the people.

Just to mention few examples is that drivers especially public buses (Daladala) do not follow road rules where instead of waiting on the road lane normally, they always go fast thereore they divert from the main road which reads to more complicated traffic jams. To implement transport in that situation, more strategies should be followed during road construction in order to control drivers to go straight on the road regardless of the traffic jams (well that has more implications on the cost to construct road).

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Compared to developed countries where people follow road rules and regulations. Furthermore, pedestrians are given priorities by the drivers espeacially on the zebras. Therefore, there is no need for more additional pumps especially on the main roads to control the drivers as it shows on the picture below.

Road in Germany (Picture taken from Google)

The situation is the same on zebra (the picture below shows), this is due to the fact that the driver do not give priorities to pedestrians therefore the planning on that is to put bumps “Matuta” in order to control the drivers when it comes to allow pedestrians on the transport.

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Road in Germany (Picture taken from Google)

Therefore, behavior is the source of all the Situation happening on the tansporting system.

Those are just few examples from many that i have observed since i have arrived in Dar es Salaam. More to come…

Trip to Santiago – Chile

For 5 days when I got a chance to go around Santiago, it was really new experience in South America. The first time to take a bus that allows me to sit and sleep. Yes, it is too much surprise especially when you have long legs like mines. The trip started at 21.00 giving me a chance to have a very good sleep the whole night for about 12 hours. With many rumours i had from Valdivia that Santiago is very big city (which is true), but also a city with many chaos such as traffic jams,  many people more that 5 millions, robbers, etc.

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First part of the trip which involved official visit where i had a chance to visit few Chilean ministries just to see how things are done in the government especially to system like this that is centralized. Well, generally the country is centralized but there are sectors that was not possible to centralize like planing sector and funding system that is now changed to be decentralized.  It was a little much for 5 days but at least i had a chance to visit Ministry of Housing and Urban Development which enlighted me on housing system in Chile, CEPAL, SUBDERE, Ministries of Work and UN Chile.

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The second part of the trip was to see historically and tourist features available in Chile. And you cant talk about the history of Chile without talking about Augusto Pinochet. I like this part of the travel because it has a lot of part i like such as nice food, nice places to visit and very good night life

 

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Research paper -Chile

My second semester is here and i am supposed to write the research paper. In my mind and my heart, i like so much doing a research about mapping but in reality i want to see also the other issues that are impacting the community.

wp-1457364139223.jpgI had a discussion with few professors about this, as usual every one of them will advice you to research what they are interested on!

I had option to make; being in a country like Chile you got to learn about disasters and resilience but most importantly the centralisation government and how it works. The impact it makes on the implementation of projects to solve community problems.

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SPRING Students 2015/2016

I had much options to choose and decide for my research. But i decided to combine between my interests and the reality to conclude that my research shall be about transportation as the theme and will be on the side of the community. It will assess the community reactions on the government projects.

“I am still learning from Chile”